"Indiens des Plaines" film cycle

Affiche de l'exposition Indiens des plaines - Click to enlarge, open in a new window

 

from saturday, april 12th to sunday, april 27th, 2014

In the context of the exhibition Indiens des Plaines, the museum is presenting a retrospective of American film, tracing the development of the representation of the American Indian, more complex than they first appear.

Programming proposed by Michel Ciment, critic and film historian.

"This cycle of 27 films dedicated to the western and its representations of the Plains Indians is both chronological and diachronic. 

Chronological in terms of the first short films from the 1910s by D.W. Griffith to the works produced by the Indians themselves 70 years later with as a coda the recent and exciting Jimmy P.by Arnaud Desplechin. Diachronic in terms of providing a series of long films that echo the neighbouring themes.

Such as the figure of Buffalo Bill evoked by Cécil B. DeMille, William Wellman, Robert Altman and Marco Ferreri. Such as the stories of white women brought up by the Indians in The Searchers and Dances with Wolves or of Indian women brought up by colonists (The Unforgiven). Such as the figure of General Custer, famous for his defeat at Little Big Horn and evoked in diverging styles by  Raoul Walsh (They Died with Their Boots On), Arthur Penn (Little Big Man) and Marco Ferreri (Don't Touch the White Woman). The taboo of miscegenation, whether the physical union has been accomplished or not, is at the heart of The Big Sky, Across the Wide Missouri or The Indian Fighter.

The search for greater authenticity in depicting the Amerindian civilisation began in the 1970s with A Man Called Horse, Little Big Man and Dances with Wolves. The prejudices, clichés and racism that had prevailed – with a few exceptions – in Hollywood cinema have gradually given way to a more enlightened view, as shown in Cheyenne Autumn by John Ford, represented here by three films."

Michel Ciment

practical information

  • museum cinema
  • free access with limited seating
Buffalo bill, de William A. Wellman 1944 - Click to enlarge, open in a new window
Buffalo bill, de William A. Wellman 1944

 

saturday, april 12 

Ouverture to the cycle around the figure of Buffalo Bill, with:

Une aventure de Buffalo Bill (The Plainsman) by Cecil B. DeMille, 1936 – 113 min - in English with French subtitles

At the end of the American Civil War, gunrunners repeatedly provided the Indians with rifles. Buffalo Bill and Wild Bill Hickok suspect John Latimer of being the head of the network. Latimer triggers an Indian attack, Hickok resists and manages to rescue the young female adventurer Calamity Jane from the Indians. But shortly afterwards they both become prisoners...

  • at 3:00 pm, in the presence of  Michel Ciment

Buffalo Bill, by William A. Wellman 1944 – 90 min - in English with French subtitles   

In 1877, a young man emerged from the West and his name was immediately on everyone's lips. He didn't discover a continent or win a war, and yet even now, 60 years later, his legend is as vibrant now as it was then.

  • at 5:00 pm, in the presence of  Michel Ciment   
La Charge fantastique, de Raoul Walsh, 1941 - Click to enlarge, open in a new window
La Charge fantastique (They Died with Their Boots On), by Raoul Walsh, 1941

 

sunday, april 13

The Fighting Blood, by D.W. Griffith, 1911 – 18 min - in English

Short silent film by D.W. Griffith, in which a group of Indians attacks a farm in Dakota, then becomes involved in a hunt with a cowboy.

  • at 2:00 pm  

The Massacre, by D.W. Griffith, 1914 – 20 min - in English with French subtitles

The Massacre shows two battles, one in response to the other: the massacre of an Indian village by the cavalry, and later the attack of a colonist convoy by the same Indians.

  • at 2:30 pm

L'Ennemi silencieux (The Silent Enemy), by H.P. Carver, 1930 – 84 min - in English

The winter has arrived, and pursued by famine the Ojibwa Indians set off to the North in search of herds of caribou against a background of amorous rivalry. 

  • at 3 pm

La Charge fantastique (They Died with Their Boots On), by Raoul Walsh, 1941 - 140 min - in English with French subtitles

A romantic portrait of a controversial man, George Armstrong Custer, a historical figure who died during the battle of the Little Big Horn in which the Sioux were victorious.

  • at 4:30 pm
Au-delà du Missouri, de William A. Wellman (1951) (C) TURNER ENTERTAINMENT CO., A TIME WARNER COMPANY. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED - Click to enlarge, open in a new window
Au-delà du Missouri (Across the Wide Missouri), by William A. Wellman (1951) (C) TURNER ENTERTAINMENT CO., A TIME WARNER COMPANY. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

monday, april 14

Au-delà du Missouri (Across the Wide Missouri)by William A. Wellman, 1951 – 78 min - in English with French subtitles

A trapper (played by Clark Gable) learns to know the Blackfoot tribe. He marries one of their women, Kamiah, the granddaughter of the great chief Bear Ghost.

  • at 5:00 pm

tuesday, april 15

La Captive aux yeux clairs (The Big Sky)by Howard Hawks, 1952 – 140 min - in English with French subtitles

Two friends both fall in love with the Indian Princess Teal Eye during a trapper expedition to the Missouri River among the Blackfoot Indians in 1832. An amorous rivalry ensues between the two friends.

  • at 4:00 pm

wednesday, april 16

La Rivière de nos amours (The Indian Fighter), by André de Toth, 1955 - 88 min - in English with French subtitles

During the conquest of the West in the 1870s, a scout – played by Kirk Douglas – and a young Indian woman form a mixed couple in Sioux territory.

  • at 5:00 pm

thursday, april 17

La Prisonnière du désert (The Searchers), by John Ford, 1956 – 119 min - in English with French subtitles

John Ford's masterpiece, with John Wayne and Natalie Wood, stolen by the Comanche and grown up to become a chief's wife.    

  • at 4:00 pm
Le Jugement des flèches, de Samuel Fuller, 1957 - Click to enlarge, open in a new window
Le Jugement des flèches (Run of the Arrow), by Samuel Fuller, 1957 Image Courtesy of WB/Park Circus

 

friday, april 18

Le Jugement des flèches (Run of the Arrow)by Samuel Fuller, 1957 – 86 min - in English with French subtitles

A Confederate soldier refuses to accept the defeat of his side and sets off to live with an Indian tribe.  After several years, and although he has been accepted by the Indians, he finds himself torn by the war between Indians and Whites.

  • at 3:00 pm

Le Vent de la plaine (The Unforgiven)by John Huston, 1960 – 125 min - in English with French subtitles

A family of farmers, the Zacharys, has been settled in Texas for two generations. The father has been killed by Kiowa Indians while defending his house and since that time a climate of hate has grown up between the two communities. An old man, Abe Kelsey, wearing an old military uniform, harasses the Zacharys with what seem to be ridiculous claims.

  • at 5:00 pm
Les Deux Cavaliers, de John Ford, 1961 - Click to enlarge, open in a new window
Les Deux Cavaliers, de John Ford, 1961

Samedi 19 avril

Les Deux Cavaliers, de John Ford, 1961 – 109 min - VOSTF

Le shérif Guthrie McCabe part en compagnie du lieutenant Jim Gary en territoire indien. Ils sont chargés de négocier avec les Indiens comanches la restitution des prisonniers blancs qu'ils ont capturés au cours des dix dernières années.

  • à 13h30

Dimanche 20 avril

Les Cheyennes, de John Ford, 1964 – 154 min - VOSTF

En 1878, refusant de vivre dans une réserve, plusieurs centaines de Cheyennes partent en direction du Dakota où ils espèrent trouver une vie meilleure. John Ford termine sa carrière avec un grand film sur les Indiens, auxquels il rend hommage avec cette immense fresque tragique, son dernier western.

  • à 15h
Le Soldat bleu, de Ralph Nelson (1970) - Click to enlarge, open in a new window
Le Soldat bleu (Soldier Blue), by Ralph Nelson (1970)

 

monday, april 21

Un homme nommé cheval (A Man Called Horse)by Elliot Silverstein, 1970 – 115 min - in English with French subtitles  

During a hunting party, Lord John Morgan is captured by a group of Sioux Indians. He comes to understand their way of life and ends by being considered one of them. One of the first westerns to recount the transformation in a man adopted by an Indian tribe, gradually and by means of the challenges that he faces, predating the heroes of  Little Big Man et Danse avec les Loups (Dances with Wolves).

  • at 4:00 pm

tuesday, april 22

Little Big Man, by Arthur Penn, 1970  - 139 min - in English with French subtitles

Adopted by a family of Cheyenne, paleface Jack Crabb is nicknamed Little Big Man because of his immense courage. One day, his entire tribe is massacred by Whites and Jack is found by a vicar and his wife. But the young man is torn between his Indian origins and his new people.

  • at 4:00 pm

wednesday, april 23

Le Soldat bleu (Soldier Blue)by Ralph Nelson, 1970 – 112 min - in English with French subtitles

The true story of the massacre of Sand Creek, told in one of the hardest westerns ever made and denouncing the atrocities committed by the US cavalry against the Indians

  • at 4:00 pm
Jeremiah Johnson, de Sydney Pollack (1972) (C) 1972 WARNER BROS. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. - Click to enlarge, open in a new window
Jeremiah Johnson, by Sydney Pollack (1972) (C) 1972 WARNER BROS. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

 

thursday, april 24

Jeremiah Johnson, by Sydney Pollack, 1972 – 108 min - in English with French subtitles

Jeremiah Johnson, fleeing the violence of the civilised world, takes refuge in the Rocky Mountains. Confronted by an unfamiliar environment, he must also deal with the revolt of the Indians. Determined to find vengeance, he also resorts to violence.

  • at 2:30 pm

Touche pas à la femme blanche (Don't Touch the White Woman), by Marco Ferreri, 1973 – 108 min - in English with French subtitles

The Battle of Little Big Horn and its famous General Custer. A western parody set in Paris.

  • at 4:30 pm

Buffalo Bill et les Indiens (Buffalo Bill and the Indians)by Robert Altman, 1976 – 123 min - in English with French subtitles

In 1885, Buffalo Bill is staging his "Wild West Show" and after being captured by the army, Chief Sitting Bull agrees to participate in it. But when the President of the United States attends a performance, the Indian chief changes his plans.

  • at 6:30 pm
La Revanche d'un homme nommé cheval, d’Irvin Kershner, 1976 - Click to enlarge, open in a new window
La Revanche d'un homme nommé cheval (The Return of a Man called Horse), by Irvin Kershner, 1976

 

friday, april 25

La Revanche d'un homme nommé cheval (The Return of a Man called Horse)by Irvin Kershner, 1976 – 129 min - in English with French subtitles

A British Lord, John Morgan, returns to the American west and rediscovers the Indians he had previously lived amongst. The tribe is facing extinction. 

  • at 4:00 pm

The Black Hills are not for sale, by Sandra Sunrising Osawa, 1978 – 24 min - in English with French subtitles

This film by Indian director Sandra Sunrising Oswawa presents a demonstration by the numerous Amerindians concerned about the use of nuclear power in the United States.

  • at 6:30 pm

Images of Indians, by Phil Lucas, 1980 – 86 min - in English with French subtitles

Images of Indians shows the way in which the American Indians have been represented in popular culture, from the popular novels of the 19th century to the Hollywood westerns of the 1970s.   

  • 7:00 pm

 

saturday, april 26

Our Sacred Land, by Chris Spotted Eagle, 1983 – 30 min - in English

The Amerindian director Chris Spotted Eagle denounces the living conditions of Indian prisoners.

The Great Spirit Within The Hole, by Chris Spotted Eagle, 1983  - 60 min - in English

Our Sacred Land relates to the Sioux, particularly in the Black Hills of South Dakota, and pleads in favour of them recovering their lands.   

  • at 3:00 pm, screening of  Our Sacred Land, followed by The Great Spirit Within the Hole

Danse avec les loups (Dances with Wolves)by Kevin Costner, 1990 – 181 min - in English with French subtitles

Young lieutenant John Dunbar is sent to a reconnaissance post in the immense plains of Dakota during the American Civil War. During one of these missions, he encounters the Sioux people. The lieutenant makes friends with the Indian population. He even becomes accepted into the tribe, to the point where he is given the name "Dances with Wolves" and falls in love with one of the tribe's members, a white woman named "Stands with a Fist".

  • at 5:00 pm
Jimmy P., d'Arnaud Desplechin (2013) - Click to enlarge, open in a new window
Jimmy P., by Arnaud Desplechin (2013)

 

sunday, april 27  

Jimmy P. (Psychothérapie d’un indien des plaines-Psychotherapy of a Plains Indian), Arnaud Desplechin, 2013 – 117 min - in English with French subtitles

Following the Second World War, Georges Devereux, a French ethnologist and psychoanalyst specialising in Amerindian cultures, studies the case of Jimmy Picard, a tormented Blackfoot Indian. A friendship is born between the two men.

  • at 3:00 pm, in the presence of the director  Arnaud Desplechin, and of Michel Ciment